Forex currency trading wikipedia


forex currency trading wikipedia

The foreign exchange market is the "place" where currencies are traded. Currencies are important to most people around the world, whether they realize it or wikipedia, because currencies need to be exchanged in order to conduct foreign trade and business. If you are living in the U. This means that the U. The same goes for traveling. A French tourist in Egypt can't pay in euros to see the pyramids because it's not the locally accepted currency. As such, the tourist has to exchange wikipedia euros for the local currency, in this case the Egyptian pound, at the current exchange rate. The need to exchange currencies is the primary reason why the forex market is the largest, most liquid financial market in the world. It dwarfs other markets in size, even the stock market, with an average traded value of around U. The total volume changes all the time, but as of Augustthe Bank for International Settlements BIS reported that the forex market traded in excess of U. One unique aspect of this international market is that there is no central marketplace for foreign exchange. Rather, currency trading is conducted electronically over-the-counter OTCwhich means that all transactions occur via computer networks between traders around the world, rather than on one centralized exchange. The market is open 24 hours a day, five and a half days a week, and currencies are traded worldwide in the major financial centers of London, New York, Tokyo, Zurich, Frankfurt, Forex Kong, Singapore, Paris and Sydney forex across almost every time zone. This means that when the trading day in the U. As such, the forex market can be extremely active any time of the day, with price quotes changing constantly. Spot Market and the Forwards and Futures Markets There are actually three ways that institutions, corporations and individuals trade forex: The forex trading in the spot market always has been the largest market because it is the "underlying" real asset that the forwards and futures markets are based on. In the past, the futures market was the most popular venue for traders because it was available to individual investors for a longer period of time. However, with the advent of electronic trading, the spot market has witnessed a huge surge in activity and now surpasses the futures market as the preferred trading market for individual investors and speculators. When people refer to the forex market, they usually are referring to the spot market. The forwards and futures markets tend to be more popular with companies that need to hedge their foreign exchange risks out to a specific date in the future. What is the spot market? Forex specifically, the spot market is where currencies are bought and sold according to the current price. That price, determined by supply and demand, is a reflection of many things, including current interest rateseconomic performance, sentiment towards ongoing political situations both locally and internationallyas well as the perception of the future performance of one currency against another. When a deal is finalized, this is known as a "spot deal". It is a bilateral transaction by which one party delivers an agreed-upon currency amount to the counter party and receives trading specified amount of another currency at the agreed-upon exchange rate value. After a position is closed, the settlement is in cash. Although the spot market is commonly known as wikipedia that deals with transactions in the present rather than the futurethese trades actually take two days for settlement. What are the forwards and futures markets? Unlike the spot market, the forwards and futures markets do currency trade actual currencies. Instead they deal in contracts that represent claims to a certain currency type, a currency price per unit and a future date for settlement. In the forwards market, contracts are bought and sold OTC between two parties, who determine the terms of the agreement between themselves. In the currency market, futures contracts are bought and sold based upon a standard size and settlement date on public commodities markets, such as the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. Futures contracts have specific details, including the number of units being traded, delivery and settlement dates, and minimum price increments that cannot be customized. The exchange acts currency a counterpart to the trader, providing clearance and settlement. Both types of contracts are binding and are typically settled for cash for the exchange in question upon expiry, although contracts can also be bought and sold before they expire. The forwards and trading markets can offer protection against risk when trading currencies. Usually, big international corporations use these markets in order to hedge against future exchange rate trading, but speculators take part in these markets as well. For a more in-depth introduction to futures, see Futures Fundamentals. Note that you'll see the terms: FX, forex, foreign-exchange market and currency market. These terms are synonymous and all refer to the forex market. Dictionary Term Of The Day. A period of time in which all factors of production and costs are variable. Latest Videos PeerStreet Offers New Way to Bet on Housing New to Buying Bitcoin? This Mistake Could Cost You Guides Stock Basics Economics Basics Wikipedia Basics Exam Prep Series 7 Exam CFA Level 1 Series currency Exam. Sophisticated content for financial advisors around investment strategies, industry trends, and advisor education. What is Forex Trading? By Investopedia Staff Share. Introduction to Currency Trading Forex Tutorial: Reading a Forex Quote and Understanding the Jargon Forex Tutorial: Foreign Exchange Risk and Benefits Forex Tutorial: Forex History and Market Participants Forex Tutorial: The forex market is not the only way for investors and traders to participate in foreign exchange. The forex market has a wikipedia of unique attributes that may come as a surprise for new traders. Learn how these futures are used for hedging and speculating, and how they are different from traditional futures. With a long list of risks, losses associated with foreign exchange trading may be greater than initially expected. Here are forex top 5 forex risks trading avoid. The spot, futures and option currency markets can be traded together for maximum downside protection and profit. Moving from equities to currencies requires you to adjust how you interpret quotes, margin, spreads and rollovers. The foreign currency market is the trading financial market in the world, and investors in this market have many options. Examining open interest on currency futures can help you confirm the strength of a trend in forex market sentiment. Whole Foods' main competitors are Sprouts Farmers Markets and Trader Joe's. However, the recent acquisition by Amazon my Insiders often are blessed with owning a significant portion of a company's shares. This shared ownership is often in the Profit-sharing plans are retirement plans with companies that give employees a percentage of the company's earnings. Learn how most financial institutions calculate interest on lines of credit by using the average daily balance method and Content Library Articles Terms Videos Guides Slideshows FAQs Calculators Chart Advisor Stock Analysis Stock Simulator FXtrader Exam Prep Quizzer Net Worth Calculator. Work With Investopedia About Us Advertise With Us Write For Us Forex Us Careers. 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